What is doping?
According to the World Anti-Doping Code, doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs). Most commonly, this means a presence of a prohibited substance in an athlete’s sample collected during Doping Control. There are other important documents further supporting the fight against doping, such as the Prohibited List.
Who governs anti-doping and why does it matter?
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is the independent international body responsible for harmonizing anti-doping policies in all sports and all countries. The World Anti-Doping Code (Code) is the core document that harmonizes anti-doping policies, rules and regulations within sport organizations around the world.
Anti-doping rules exist for the same reason the FITEQ sport rules exist – to define different aspects of the sport in order to maintain excitement and to ensure fairness on the field of play.
All rules (and the fact that they are monitored and reinforced) are designed to prevent any participant from taking an unfair advantage over another.
Who is subject to anti-doping rules?
EVERYONE who is a member of a sports federation. As a member of FITEQ, you are subject to the FITEQ Anti-Doping Rules. It is evident that athletes are subject to anti-doping rules as they are subject to Doping Control. However, coaches, administrators and all other Athlete Support Personnel have an equal responsibility to know, understand and follow the FITEQ anti-doping rules.
Types of Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRV)
Presence of a prohibited substance in an athlete’s sample is the most common type of an ADRV. However, it is important to remember that there are other ways that an Athlete or Athlete Support Personnel can be considered as having committed an ADRV.
- Presence of a prohibited substance in an athlete’s sample
- Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method
- Refusal to submit to sample collection after being notified
- Failure to file athlete whereabouts information & missed tests
- Tampering with any part of the doping control process
- Possession of a prohibited substance or method
- Trafficking a prohibited substance or method
- Administering or attempting to administer a prohibited substance or method to an athlete
- Complicity in an ADRV
- Prohibited association with sanctioned Athlete Support Personnel
For more information, please see the Education and Resources section or use the FITEQ Education website.
Presence of a prohibited substance is considered an Anti-Doping Rule violation regardless of whether it was intentional or not. Intentional doping is a choice and a decision made by the Athlete or Athlete Support Personnel.It is fundamentally contrary to the spirit of sport.
Unintentional (inadvertent) doping happens mainly due to lack of information or having incorrect information. Most common example of inadvertent doping is the use of a prohibited substance without obtaining a Therapeutic Use Exemption or verifying the Prohibited List. Inadvertent doping is also often caused by taking natural supplements that contain prohibited substances.